GST or Goods and Services Tax is a comprehensive indirect tax that was implemented in India on 1st July 2017. GST was introduced to simplify the indirect tax structure in the country by replacing multiple taxes such as excise duty, service tax, and VAT. Under GST, taxpayers are required to file regular returns and pay taxes on their supplies of goods and services. However, there may be situations where taxpayers make excess GST payments while purchasing inputs or while collecting GST from their customers. In such cases, taxpayers can claim a refund of the excess GST paid, which is known as a recovery in GST.
The process of recovery in GST involves filing an application for refund with the GST authority. The application must be filed within two years from the relevant date, which is the date of payment of excess GST. The recovery can be claimed for various reasons, such as:
Once the application for recovery is filed, the GST authority verifies the refund claim and processes it within 60 days. If any discrepancy is found, the authority communicates the same to the applicant and seeks clarification. The authority can also conduct a physical verification of the documents submitted along with the refund application.
The recovery of excess GST payments can provide several benefits to businesses, such as:
The recovery process under GST provides a mechanism for businesses to claim refunds for excess GST payments made while purchasing inputs or while collecting GST from customers. The process is automated and streamlined, which reduces the compliance cost for businesses. Recovery of excess GST payments can provide several benefits to businesses, such as improved liquidity, reduced compliance cost, elimination of cascading effect, and increased competitiveness. Businesses must understand the process of recovery and file refund applications within the prescribed time to take advantage of the benefits offered by GST.
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