June 12, 2023
Durga Prasad

Trademark Opposition: Protecting Your Brand and Rights

Trademark opposition is an important legal process that takes place prior to the formal registration of a trademark. It enables concerned parties to oppose a pending trademark application if they think it might violate their current rights or is too similar to their registered trademark. 

Trademark Opposition

When a trademark application passes the preliminary examination by the trademark authorities and becomes available for public review, trademark opposition occurs. An opposition may be filed during this time, which typically lasts for a specific amount of time, by people or organizations who anticipate negative consequences from the trademark's registration. The opposition must be filed with the appropriate trademark office, along with a thorough justification that includes any existing trademarks, potential for confusion or dilution, or other legal issues. The opposing party disputes the applicant's eligibility to apply for and use the contested trademark..

Eligibility to Oppose a Trademark:

Trademark opposition can be filed by various parties, including:

1. Trademark Holders: Owners of registered trademarks or pending applications who believe the new trademark could violate their rights or cause confusion.

2. Competitors: Businesses or individuals operating in the same industry who perceive the registration of the trademark as potentially creating unfair competition or customer confusion.

3. Consumer or Industry Groups: Non-profit entities or trade associations safeguarding the interests of consumers or businesses in a specific industry. They aim to prevent harm to their members or the public resulting from the trademark registration.

Basis for Trademark Opposition:

Trademark opposition can be based on various reasons, such as:

1. Similarity to Existing Trademarks: If the trademark closely resembles or is identical to a prior registered trademark.

2. Lack of Distinctive Character: If the trademark lacks unique qualities that distinguish it from other marks.

3. Descriptive Trademarks: If the trademark merely describes the product or service, making it difficult to differentiate from similar offerings.

4. Ill Intentions: If the trademark application is made with malicious intent, such as intending to deceive or mislead consumers.

5. Conventional Trademarks: If the trademark is common in the current language or established practices of a particular business or industry.

6. Potential Misleading or Confusing Nature: If the trademark could potentially mislead the public or cause confusion among consumers.

Trademark Opposition Process:

The trademark opposition process consists of several key stages:

1. Submission of Opposition Notice: Within a specified period after the trademark's appearance in the journal, any concerned party can file an opposition notice on the designated form, accompanied by the applicable fees.

2. Respondent's Counter-Statement: Upon receiving the opposition notice, the trademark applicant must file a counter-statement within the given timeframe. Failure to do so leads to abandonment of the application.

3.Hearing: The registrar schedules a hearing, considering the opposition notice, counter-statement, and evidence presented by both parties. If either party fails to attend, the registrar may rule against them.

4. Appeals: If a party disagrees with the registrar's decision, they have the option to appeal to the Intellectual Property Appellate Board.

Guidelines for Filing a Trademark Opposition:

When filing a trademark opposition, keep the following details in mind:

1. Opposed Trademark Application: Include the application number, goods or services listed, and the applicant's name.

2. Earlier Mark or Prior Right: Provide the application number or registration number of any existing trademark on which the opposition is based.

3. Opposing Party Details: If the opposition is filed by the proprietor of an earlier mark or right, include their name and address.


Trademark opposition plays an important role in safeguarding brand names and maintaining fair competition. Eligible parties can safeguard their rights and avoid potential harm brought on by the registration of conflicting trademarks by being aware of the procedure and requirements. Remember to file the opposition within the specified timeframe, provide relevant evidence, and adhere to the guidelines set by the trademark office.


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