September 12, 2023
Shaik Musrath

What is Section 68 of the Income Tax Act's Cash Credit

Income tax laws in India can often leave taxpayers puzzled by their complexities. One such provision that has raised many eyebrows is Section 68 of the Income Tax Act. This section deals with "unexplained cash credits," and understanding it is crucial to the tax landscape effectively. In this blog post, we will dive into Section 68, unraveling the mysteries behind unexplained cash credits and what it entails for taxpayers.

What is Section 68 at a Glance

Section 68 of the Income Tax Act, 1961, deals with unexplained cash credits. It comes into play when a taxpayer has received a certain sum of money in their books of accounts, and the Assessing Officer has reason to believe that the explanation provided by the taxpayer for such cash credit is unsatisfactory or inadequate. In such cases, the sum credited to the taxpayer's account is treated as taxable income.

What are the Key Points to Consider

Burden of Proof: 

The burden of proof lies with the taxpayer. It is the taxpayer's responsibility to demonstrate the genuineness of the cash credit and provide satisfactory evidence to substantiate the source of the credit.

Nature and Source: 

The taxpayer must provide detailed information about the nature and source of the cash credit. This includes providing the name, address, and Permanent Account Number (PAN) of the person who provided the credit, along with other relevant documents.

Genuineness of Transaction: 

It is essential to establish that the transaction is genuine and not a sham or a mere book entry designed to conceal income.

Proper Documentation: 

Maintaining proper documentation is critical. This includes bank statements, loan agreements, gift deeds, and any correspondence related to the cash credit.

Prevention of Money Laundering: 

Section 68 also serves as a mechanism to prevent money laundering. Tax authorities use this provision to ensure that unaccounted or suspicious funds are not laundered through legitimate channels.

Common Situations Covered by Section 68

Cash Credits in Bank Accounts: 

Any unexplained cash credited to a taxpayer's bank account is scrutinized under this section.

Gifts from Relatives: 

Gifts from relatives are usually exempt from tax, but if the Assessing Officer finds discrepancies or doubts the authenticity of the gift, Section 68 may be invoked.

Share Capital and Share Premium: 

If a company receives share capital or share premium, it must demonstrate the genuine nature of the transactions. Shareholders and investors must provide adequate documentation to prove the legitimacy of their investments.


Section 68 of the Income Tax Act is a vital tool for the tax authorities to curb tax evasion and money laundering. However, it can also create challenges for taxpayers who may have to go through the arduous process of proving the genuineness of their cash credits.

To avoid falling into the scrutiny of Section 68, taxpayers must maintain meticulous records and documentation of all financial transactions. Seeking professional advice and legal counsel when necessary can help navigate the complexities of tax laws and ensure compliance.

In conclusion, understanding Section 68 and staying diligent in financial record-keeping can go a long way in preventing the headache of unexplained cash credits and the potential tax liabilities they may entail.


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