New
December 29, 2022
By
Mohith Reddy

What is a Cashflow Statement?

According to the study performed by Statista, there were 333 million businesses in 2021 across the globe. And the Hindu said that 12900 companies had shut down in the same year. While long-term planning is a fundamental reason for business failure, funding and finances are other essential aspects that most businesses fail to scale.

Finances or expenses are crucial to monitor because profits and losses define your business's success, but going back through every statement can be hectic. And this is when the cash flow statement or the statement of cash flows assists you with the information on income generated and the money spent.

What is a Cash Flow Statement?

The cash flow statement (CFS), or the statement of cash flows, is a financial statement that tells you more about the movement of cash in your business - cash in and out. The cash flow statement measures the firm's profits, including other aspects like standing by the debt obligations and funds. As one of the three critical statements in a business, the CFS completes the balance sheet and the income statement.

How is the cash flow statement used?

Primarily, businesses use the cash flow statement to check the flow of money- from where the income they are getting and how they spend the funds they got. And most importantly, it alerts the creditors with the money left (called liquidity) to pay for the operational expenses and debts. Overall, cash flow statements allow a business to understand its financial stability. And help enterprises make the right financial decisions for the next financial year.

The fundamental components of the cash flow statement

The CFS contains three essential segments. They are

1. Cash flow from operational activities

Cash flow from operational activities in the cash flow statement is the income a firm gets from selling its products or services. It is the profit that a company makes initially. Under the operational activities, the documents included are:

1. Income tax payments

2. Interest payments

3. Salary payments to employees

4. Rent payments

5. And any other business functional activity

6. Cash from investing activities

Generating income from investing activities includes renting out something, giving loans, selling assets, and everything that generates funds from the company's money. So, when a business invests in something, then it is cash out, while that purchase starts making money, then it is cash-in.

1. Cash from financing activities

Financing activities is a report for the cash movement between the firm and its owners, employees, and other managing expenses. It reports the net flow of cash to run the firm.

Uses of a cash flow statement

1. Since the cash flow statement deals with money management in a firm, it helps to analyze the financial stability of a company.

2. The goal of the cash flow statement is to let the firm understand the future financial state that enables them to make better decisions. With this statement, the company can scrutinize the cash that comes in, the cash that goes out, and the money they would need to maintain the managing expenses. With this, they will have the chance to make better decisions for the future.

3. Firms use cash flow statements to measure their performance. So, comparing the recent reports with the past reports enable the founders to take steps to improve the business performance.

4. Businesses can use these statements to plan debt, loans, and other repayments.

5. Cash flow statements explain the firm's instability financially by taking the discussion through every aspect of the company's activities. These statements answer some of the complex questions, like - what is the cause of financial stability? Why do dividends pay less though sufficient cash is available? And more.

6. Cash flow statements are more effective than funds flow reports, as cash flow statements generate information on cash inflows and outflows. And accountants use the funds flow reports to monitor and manage the changes in the finances.

7. Finally, the statement of cash flows gives information about every activity that took place in the firm in a period.

Limitations

Without further analysis, a negative cash flow statement should not raise any speculations. The poor cash flow might be because of not expanding your business in the other area at some point, but it can be beneficial in the future.

Analyzing the statements from one period to another allows the investor to understand the company's performance - whether the firm is going bankrupt or successful. However, the CFS should also overlook the other two crucial statements, the income statement and the balance sheet.

Difference between the cash flow statement - income statement - balance sheet

The primary difference between these three types is the flow of money. Balance sheets depict what a company owns, while income statements show the amount of money the company gained and spent over a period. And the cash flow statements tell about the money exchange between the company and the outer world.  

However, managing statements manually can lead to many misunderstandings. So, using the best software like Swipe can help businesses with accurate reports or statements. With Swipe business software, firms can monitor all their business operations in one business dashboard. With almost 40 different features, managing your business is just made easy.

Conclusion:

The cash flow statement shows the strength and profitability of a company, which can guide the investors and founders to look into future consequences. The CFS helps businesses draft budgeting plans and analyze the liquidity or the cash to manage expenses.

For investors, the cash flow statement represents the success of a company. By studying the reports of cash flow, the investor gets a clear picture of the profits and losses of a firm, which helps them to make better investing choices.

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