Published on:
January 28, 2024

The GST Maze: A Guide to Accounting Entries

The Goods and Services Tax brought sweeping changes to India's taxation landscape, overhauling procedures for organizations across industries. Remaining financially sound and adherent to regulations under this new regime demands expertise in recording accounting transactions precisely as GST prescribes. This primer illuminates a journey through the nuanced terrain of GST bookkeeping, equipping the reader to handle intricacies with aptitude. A mastery of GST's ins and outs helps ensure accuracy and avoids penalties for deficiencies, benefits gaining importance as businesses adapt to this transformation.

Decoding the Essentials: Key Accounting Entries Under GST

Here's a breakdown of the essential accounting entries you'll encounter under GST:

1. Sales Entries:

When goods are sold:

Debit: Accounts Receivable (or Cash)

Credit: Sales

Credit: Output CGST (Credit for Central GST)

Credit: Output SGST/UTGST (Credit for State/Union Territory GST)

Credit: Output IGST (Credit for Integrated GST, if applicable)

When services are provided:

Similar entries, but instead of "Sales," use "Services Income" or a similar account.

2. Purchase Entries:

When goods are purchased:

Debit: Purchases

Debit: Input CGST (Debit for Central GST)

Debit: Input SGST/UTGST (Debit for State/Union Territory GST)

Debit: Input IGST (Debit for Integrated GST, if applicable)

Credit: Accounts Payable (or Cash)

When services are received:

Similar entries, but instead of "Purchases," use "Expenses" or a relevant account.

3. GST Payment Entries:

When paying GST liability:


Credit: Bank Account

When receiving GST refund:


Debit: Bank Account

4. Input Tax Credit (ITC) Entries:

When claiming ITC:


Credit: Input Tax Credit (ITC)

When utilizing ITC to pay GST liability:


Credit: Input Tax Credit (ITC)

Charting Your Course: Additional Considerations

1. Reversal of ITC can occur when goods supplied are returned or unpaid invoices surface. Should such events transpire, account adjustments must be enacted to reconcile the Input Tax Credit balance accordingly.

2. Expenditures associated with adhering to GST regulations, like accounting and software fees, are routinely classified as operating expenses on financial statements.

3. Ensuring consistency between GST data captured within the accounts and that filed in statutory returns necessitates periodic reconciliation. Discrepancies, if left unaddressed, could lead to confusion or complications down the line. Thus, taking the time to harmonize the information improves accuracy and avoids potential issues.

Seeking Guidance: The Path to Clarity

For detailed guidance and compliance, consult:

1. The GST Act and rules

2. Notifications and circulars issued by the GST authorities

3. A qualified accountant or GST practitioner


Mastering GST accounting entries is essential for maintaining financial compliance and transparency. By understanding the key entries, additional considerations, and seeking expert guidance when needed, you can navigate the GST landscape with confidence, ensuring accurate financial records and fulfilling your GST obligations effectively.


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Updated on:
March 16, 2024