September 7, 2023
Shaik Musrath

Input Tax Credit (ITC): Can it be Denied Due to Non-Payment by Suppliers?

Input Tax Credit (ITC) is a crucial component of the Goods and Services Tax (GST) system in many countries, including India. It is a mechanism that allows businesses to claim a credit for the GST they have paid on their purchases, reducing their overall tax liability. However, the provision of ITC is not unconditional, and there are circumstances in which it can be denied. One such situation is when the supplier fails to pay the GST collected from the purchaser to the government. In this blog, we will explore the concept of denying ITC due to non-payment by suppliers and the implications it has on businesses.

What is Input Tax Credit (ITC)

Before delving into the denial of ITC, it's essential to understand what ITC is and how it works. Under the GST regime, businesses pay tax on their outward supplies (sales) and collect tax on their inward supplies (purchases). ITC allows businesses to claim a credit for the GST they have paid on their purchases, effectively reducing the tax liability on their output supplies. This mechanism ensures that the tax is levied only on the value addition at each stage of the supply chain.

The Denial of ITC Due to Non-Payment

One of the fundamental principles of the GST system is that the tax collected by the supplier must be deposited with the government. Failing to do so is a violation of this principle and can have serious consequences for both the supplier and the purchaser. In cases where the supplier does not pay the tax collected to the government, the GST authorities can deny ITC to the purchaser.

What are Key Points in Input Tax Credit (ITC):

Genuine Purchases: 

The denial of ITC due to non-payment by the supplier generally applies to cases where the purchases made by the purchaser are genuine, and there is evidence to support the claim. In other words, if the purchaser can establish that they made bona fide purchases, they should not be penalized for the supplier's wrongdoing.

Communication and Due Diligence: 

It is crucial for purchasers to maintain proper records of their transactions and communication with suppliers. This documentation can serve as evidence to establish that they acted in good faith and were not complicit in the supplier's tax evasion.

Legal Recourse: 

Purchasers who find themselves in a situation where ITC is denied due to non-payment by the supplier have the option to pursue legal remedies. They can approach the GST authorities and present their case, providing evidence to support their claim for ITC.

Impact on Working Capital: 

The denial of ITC can have a significant impact on a business's working capital. Businesses rely on ITC to offset their GST liability, and if this credit is denied, it can lead to increased tax costs and financial strain.


In the GST system, Input Tax Credit is a crucial mechanism that promotes transparency and reduces the cascading effect of taxes. While it is generally available to businesses to offset their tax liability, the denial of ITC due to non-payment by suppliers is a measure to deter tax evasion. However, it is essential to strike a balance between preventing tax fraud and ensuring that genuine businesses do not suffer unjustly.

Purchasers should exercise due diligence when dealing with suppliers and maintain meticulous records of their transactions to protect their interests. In cases where ITC is denied unfairly, legal recourse is available to rectify the situation.

Ultimately, the denial of ITC due to non-payment by suppliers underscores the importance of compliance with GST regulations and the need for businesses to conduct thorough vendor assessments to minimize risks associated with non-compliant suppliers.


E-Invoicing FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

Avoid e-Invoicing scams by checking vendor compliance

GST E-invoicing, Data Analytics, Artificial Intelligence, and E-Waybill