February 20, 2023

GST Implications on Non-Fungible Tokens (NFTs) in India:

Non-fungible tokens (NFTs) have become increasingly popular in the past year, with the rise of digital collectibles and artwork. However, as with any new technology, there are still many questions about how NFTs will be regulated by governments and tax agencies. In this article, we will explore the implications of the Goods and Services Tax (GST) on NFTs in India.

What are NFTs?

An NFT is a unique digital asset that is stored on a blockchain. Each NFT is unique and cannot be exchanged for another token or asset. NFTs can represent anything from artwork to music to virtual real estate.

GST Implications on NFTs:

The GST is a tax on the supply of goods and services in India. As NFTs are a new form of digital asset, there is currently no specific guidance from the government on how they will be taxed. However, it is likely that NFTs will be subject to GST as they are considered to be a form of intangible property.

When an NFT is sold, the seller will be required to charge GST on the sale. The rate of GST will depend on the nature of the NFT and the type of service being provided. For example, if an NFT represents artwork, it may be subject to a different rate of GST than an NFT that represents virtual real estate. Additionally, if the seller is registered under the GST, they will be required to file GST returns and pay the tax collected to the government.

Exemptions and Thresholds:

Currently, there are no specific exemptions or thresholds for NFTs under the GST. However, there are certain exemptions and thresholds for small businesses that may apply to NFT sellers. For example, small businesses with an annual turnover of less than Rs. 20 lakhs are exempt from GST registration. Additionally, businesses with an annual turnover of less than Rs. 1.5 crores can opt for the Composition Scheme, which allows them to pay a lower rate of GST.


As the use of NFTs becomes more widespread, it is likely that the Indian government will provide more specific guidance on how they will be taxed under the GST. In the meantime, NFT sellers should be aware of their tax obligations and consult with a tax professional if necessary.


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