June 14, 2023
Durga Prasad

Fast-Track Mergers under the Companies Act 2013. 

Fast-track mergers have emerged as a powerful tool for corporate consolidation and restructuring under the Companies Act. Designed to expedite the merger process, fast-track mergers offer a streamlined and efficient route for companies to combine their operations and resources. 

Understanding Fast-Track Mergers:

Fast-track mergers, as the name suggests, are mergers that follow an expedited process, enabling companies to consolidate their operations swiftly. These mergers are typically employed when two or more companies belonging to the same class of companiesn such as holding and subsidiary companies wish to merge their businesses.

Benefits of Fast-Track Mergers:

Fast-track mergers offer several advantages to companies seeking consolidation, including:

1. Time Efficiency: Fast-track mergers significantly reduce the time required for the merger process, allowing companies to swiftly integrate their operations and realize synergies.

2. Cost Effectiveness: By eliminating the need for court intervention and simplifying the procedure, fast-track mergers save companies substantial costs associated with traditional merger routes.

3. Procedural Simplicity: Fast-track mergers follow a simplified procedure, making it easier for companies to navigate through the merger process and comply with regulatory requirements.

Procedure for Fast-Track Mergers:

The process for fast-track mergers involves the following key steps:

1. Board Approval: The boards of all participating companies must approve the merger proposal and convene separate board meetings to pass the necessary resolutions.

2. Filing of Documents: Companies need to file specific documents, including a draft scheme of merger, with the Registrar of Companies (RoC) for approval.

3. Notice to Stakeholders: Companies must issue a notice to shareholders, creditors, and other interested parties, informing them about the proposed merger and providing them with an opportunity to raise objections, if any.

4. Approval from RoC: The RoC reviews the draft scheme of merger, examines the objections (if any), and grants approval if satisfied with the compliance of the companies involved.

5. Approval from the National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT): Once the RoC approves the merger, the companies must file an application with the NCLT for its sanction.

6. NCLT Hearing: The NCLT examines the merger application and, if all requirements are met, issues an order approving the fast-track merger.

Regulatory Framework for Fast-Track Mergers:

Fast-track mergers are governed by the provisions of the Companies Act, 2013, along with the rules and regulations prescribed by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs. Companies must comply with the relevant provisions and adhere to the prescribed procedure to ensure a valid and legally recognized merger.


Fast-track mergers have revolutionized the corporate landscape, offering companies a faster and more efficient path to consolidation. By leveraging this accelerated merger mechanism, companies can streamline their operations, capitalize on synergies, and unlock greater value. Understanding the procedure and regulatory framework for fast-track mergers empowers businesses to navigate the merger landscape with confidence and optimize their consolidation strategies. As companies continue to explore avenues for growth and expansion, fast-track mergers provide an agile and effective approach to corporate consolidation, enabling them to adapt to dynamic market conditions and achieve their strategic objectives.


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