December 29, 2022
Reddy Mohith

Types Of Industries – Primary, Secondary, And Tertiary Industries

There are hundreds and thousands of industries in the country, and the government needs to divide them respectively to understand and identify the particular company's purpose of establishment. The segregating process helps maintain eco-friendly relationships between the business and the real world. So, what could be the different types of industries in the country? Read this post further to learn more about multiple types of industries in India.

What does industry mean?

An industry is a collection or a group of companies with similar business actions. Industries get divided based on economic activities and income levels. The cloth industry, the hotel industry, and the manufacturing industry are a few examples.

However, at the country's economic level, the industries in India are categorized into three types. There are:

1. The primary industry

2. The secondary industry

3. The tertiary industry

The primary industry:

The economic activities in the primary industry entirely depend on the environment. These activities usually revolve around the usage of the materials available naturally, such as water, minerals, sunlight, vegetation, and other natural resources. Since nature provides most of the industry's needs naturally, this category of industries requires minimal value addition. The industry's scale is medium to large as it involves extracting the raw materials, which later act as the raw materials for secondary enterprises.

As a whole, the primary industry is about producing. It is one of the essential economic activities in developing nations and is less concerned in developed countries. Nevertheless, technological advancements paved a path for many developed nations to less engagement in the human workforce in the primary industry.

 For example, agriculture is essential for India as it contributes more to the country economically, and it is not the same factor in Japan, where the economy comes from technology and tech products engage in most of the agricultural tasks.

Hunting, fishing, afforestation, agriculture, mining, and extracting minerals are the most common activities in the primary drive. People working in the primary industry are known as red-collar workers. Based on the core functionalities, the primary industry is of two types- genetic and extractive industries.

Two types of primary industry:

1. Genetic industry:

Activities that involve processing raw materials into some form of enhancement come under the genetic industry. Agriculture, fishing, and livestock are a few instances.

2. Extractive industry:

Activities like extracting and removing the minerals from their initial form to the original state come under the extractive industry. A few examples are separating the different oils from the crude oil, separating the ores, and extracting gold from other impurities.

The secondary industry:

The secondary industry includes the activities that produce value for natural resources or raw materials from the primary drive by converting them into usable and valuable items. Multiple processing, construction, and manufacturing industries join to mold raw materials.

In other words, the secondary industry is about manufacturing and construction, and this sector requires more energy as many industries, factories, and manufacturing units need to function. Since these industries involve manufacturing, they produce waste in high amounts that damage the environment and cause pollution. People working in this drive are usually referred to as blue-collar. Based on the functionality, the secondary industry is of four types.

Four types of secondary industry:

1. Manufacturing Industry:

The primary task of this section is to convert the raw material into a worthy material for humans through multiple rounds of processing and adding value. The manufacturing industry is a large-scale business.

2. Construction Industry:

Operations related to the construction, building, and development of the infrastructural frameworks concern the construction drive. The construction industry uses raw materials with other essentials to construct the sketchings.

3. Light Industry:

As the term says, the light industry comprises low-scale production businesses. These enterprises need low capital and cause less pollution as their outcome is durable-use customer goods.

4. Heavy Industry:

Heavy industry is a group of large-scale businesses that cause high pollution. These industries need high capital and a rich power supply system.

The tertiary industry

The tertiary industry is unlike primary and secondary industries, as this drive does not focus on raw materials and production. Instead, this sector concentrates on gains and profits. The tertiary industry highly consists of the service sector. It includes people exhibiting their skills and abilities.

The service sector also includes distribution, transportation, and sales. The industry's sole purpose is to connect with more people, which increases customer service. And as customer services increase in any sector, the profits increases. Marketing, hospitality, health care, software industries, financial services, and law are a few examples of the tertiary drive.

Since tertiary is a vast industry, below are a few prominent service types in India.

1. Education:

Education is one of the familiar and essential services. Students and professionals can learn via offline and online teachings anywhere at any time. Schools, universities, colleges, tutors, online learning platforms, and coaches are a few examples of education services.

2. Entertainment:

Entertainment is another service business always booming in India. The entertainment industry, including movies, shows, and every other thing, earns crores of profits as they influence people with VFX, music, dressing, and stories.

Bottom Line:

Based on the work done by a particular company, the industries in India are classified into three types: primary, secondary, and tertiary industries. Each of these industries has its significance when contributing to the country's GDP, and they are interconnected. Without the primary drive, it is difficult for the secondary industry to survive, and without primary and secondary industries, it is hard for the smooth functionality of the tertiary industry. So, every country should give the same priority to each of these industries for a well-balanced nation.

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