Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (Clean India Mission) is a nationwide cleanliness campaign launched by the Government of India in 2014. The main aim of the campaign is to make India a clean and hygienic country by promoting cleanliness and sanitation in urban and rural areas. The initiative was launched by the Prime Minister of India, Shri Narendra Modi, on October 2, 2014, as a tribute to Mahatma Gandhi on his 145th birth anniversary. The campaign aims to cover all aspects of cleanliness, including the construction of toilets, improving the management of human waste, increasing public awareness about sanitation and hygiene, and enhancing the participation of people in maintaining cleanliness and hygiene. The ultimate goal of the campaign is to create a clean, hygienic, and healthy environment for all citizens of India.
The primary objectives of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan are:
1. To eliminate open defecation: One of the main objectives of the campaign is to eliminate open defecation across India by constructing toilets and improving access to sanitation facilities.
2. To clean up public places: Another objective of the campaign is to clean up public places such as roads, streets, and infrastructure, and maintain high levels of cleanliness in cities and towns.
3. To promote better waste management: The campaign aims to promote better waste management practices across India, including the proper disposal of solid waste and the promotion of composting and waste-to-energy solutions.
4. To raise public awareness: The Swachh Bharat Abhiyan aims to raise public awareness about the importance of cleanliness and hygiene, and to encourage people to adopt clean and hygienic practices in their daily lives.
5. To improve public health: The campaign also aims to improve public health by reducing the spread of diseases caused by poor sanitation and hygiene, and to create a cleaner and healthier environment for all citizens.
6. To create job opportunities: The Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is also expected to create job opportunities in the sanitation and waste management sectors, helping to boost the economy and provide livelihoods for people in these fields.
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