The Goods and Services Tax (GST) system, introduced in India on July 1, 2017, revolutionized the country's indirect tax regime. GST replaced a complex web of multiple indirect taxes with a unified tax structure, making it easier for businesses and consumers alike. A critical aspect of GST is the concept of "Supply," which forms the foundation for taxability. In this blog, we will delve into the scope of supply under GST and analyze the provisions outlined in Section 7 of the GST Act along with Schedules-I, II, and III.
Under GST, "Supply" is a comprehensive term that encompasses various types of transactions involving goods or services or both. Section 7 of the Central Goods and Services Tax Act, 2017, defines the scope of supply, and it is essential for businesses to understand this definition to comply with GST regulations.
As per Section 7 of the GST Act, the term "Supply" includes all forms of supply of goods or services or both, such as:
Any transfer of title to goods for consideration, including deemed sales.
Any transfer of the right to use goods or both, with or without consideration.
The exchange of goods or services for other goods or services.
Transfer of the right to use any goods or both for a specified period in exchange for consideration.
Permission to use or occupy land or immovable property for a specific purpose, in return for consideration.
Disposing of business assets where input tax credit has been availed.
Providing or receiving any service for the use of a property or a part thereof for a specific period, in exchange for consideration.
Any treatment or process undertaken by a person on goods belonging to another registered person.
To provide further clarity on certain specific transactions, GST includes three schedules that elaborate on the scope of supply:
Schedule-I lists transactions that are deemed to be supplied even if made without consideration. These include activities such as transfer of goods or services between related parties, permanent transfer of business assets, and services provided by an employee to an employer in the course of employment.
Schedule-II provides a list of activities that are treated as either supply of goods or supply of services. For instance, transferring goods from one location to another as part of a service or goods sent on approval basis are treated as supply of goods, while any transfer of the right to use goods is considered supply of services.
Schedule-III outlines activities that are neither considered supply of goods nor supply of services. These include the services provided by employees to their employers outside the course of employment and any services provided by a person as a court-appointed liquidator, receiver, or trustee.
The concept of "Supply" is the cornerstone of the Goods and Services Tax system in India. Understanding the scope of supply as defined under Section 7 of the GST Act and referring to Schedules-I, II, and III is crucial for businesses to correctly determine the taxability of their transactions. By gaining a comprehensive understanding of the scope of supply, businesses can ensure compliance with GST regulations, avoid any potential tax liabilities, and contribute to a smoother and more efficient indirect tax ecosystem in the country.