Published on:
March 6, 2024
Viraaj Vashishth

Rising Housing Prices: What Does it Mean for GST?

The Indian housing market has seen a major increase in costs in recent years, with analysis displaying a leap of nearly 20% from 2021 to 2023. This news may benefit some participants, however, it is essential to recognize how these escalating prices could potentially affect the Goods and Services Tax (GST) and the effects on the various entities engaged. Furthermore, the fluctuation in house prices has additional repercussions for the economy. Citizens with existing home loans have witnessed higher EMIs. Meanwhile, builders have had to raise new project costs, rendering some properties out of reach for moderate-income groups. Looking ahead, industry experts debate if interest rate hikes by the central bank could help curtail price inflation or dampen consumer demand. 

How Does GST Relate to Housing Transactions?

Taxable Goods and Services: GST is levied on the supply of goods and services, and in the context of housing transactions, it applies to both under-construction and ready-to-move-in properties. Developers constructing new units as well as those who recently finished construction fall under the ambit of this indirect tax.

Under-construction dwellings attract a levy on the entire contract amount agreed upon between the builder and buyer. However, the former has the choice to deduct taxes paid previously during the process of acquisition and installation of materials. This helps prevent the cascading of taxes.

On the other hand, completed abodes that are handed over to their new residents usually evade GST obligations, with an exception. If the same developer who completed the project opts to sell within five years, taxes will have to be paid again. This period acts as a buffer for builders and prevents double taxation for buyers who purchase immediately after completion.

Impact of Rising Prices on GST:

1. Increased Revenue from Property Transactions: As home values continue climbing, the total amount exchanged in real estate deals rises accordingly. This pumps more goods and services tax into government coffers due to GST applied to the augmented sale price.

2. Rising Construction Costs May Boost Developer Prices: Escalating material and labor expenses can inflate the input costs for builders. Passing some of this burden to buyers could impact affordability and potentially limit tax income.

3. Prices Beyond Many First-time Buyers' Reach: Exorbitant property prices risk curbing demand, especially for new entrants to the market. Fewer people investing in real estate would translate to lesser GST generated since transactions would dwindle.

Considerations and Future Trends:

1. Government Initiatives: To address rising concerns, policy adjustments should be considered, including rationalizing real estate tax structures or introducing measures promoting affordable housing availability.

2. Market Oversight Crucial: Continued monitoring and regulation by authorities are paramount to ensuring reasonable pricing practices and safeguarding buyer and seller interests.


Housing inflation intricately impacts GST. While potentially swelling government coffers, challenges surface for developers and purchasers. Anticipating dynamics and future tendencies requires comprehension benefitting stakeholders effectively maneuvering the transforming marketplace.


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Updated on:
March 16, 2024