September 19, 2023
Shaik Musrath

Legal Proceedings: GST Appellate Tribunals Now Established Nationwide

After a long wait of six years, the Indian government has taken a significant step towards the tax dispute resolution process by notifying the establishment of 31 state branches of the GST Appellate Tribunal. This move is a game-changer for taxpayers and businesses grappling with complex tax issues, as it will develop the process of seeking justice and reduce the burden on the already-overwhelmed High Courts.

Why is the GST Appellate Tribunal Introduced 

The Goods and Services Tax (GST) regime, which was introduced in India in 2017, was aimed at unifying the country's complex tax structure. However, as with any major tax reform, teething problems were inevitable, leading to numerous disputes between taxpayers and tax authorities.

Before the establishment of these state benches, taxpayers aggrieved by the rulings of tax authorities had to approach their respective High Courts for resolution. This was a time-consuming process that often added to the backlog of cases already burdening the High Courts.

What is the Impact of the GST Appellate Tribunal

With the introduction of the GST Appellate Tribunal, taxpayers will now have a specialized forum to address their concerns, speeding up the resolution process and reducing the workload on the High Courts. This move is not only a win for taxpayers but also for the efficient functioning of the legal system.

Let's take a closer look at how this development will benefit different regions across India:

Andhra Pradesh: Vishakhapatnam and Vijayawada 

Bihar: Patna 

Chhattisgarh: Raipur and Bilaspur 

Delhi: Delhi 

Gujarat/ Dadra and Nagar Haveli/ Daman and Diu: Ahmedabad, Surat, and Rajkot 

Haryana: Gurugram and Hissar 

Himachal Pradesh: Shimla 

Jammu and Kashmir/Ladakh: Jammu and Srinagar 

Jharkhand: Ranchi 

Karnataka: Bengaluru 

Kerala/ Lakshadweep: Ernakulum and Trivandrum 

Madhya Pradesh: Bhopal 

Goa/ Maharashtra: Mumbai, Pune, Thane, Nagpur, Aurangabad, and Panaji 

Odisha: Cuttack 

Punjab: Chandigarh and Jalandhar 

Rajasthan: Jaipur and Jodhpur 

Tamil Nadu/Puducherry: Chennai, Madurai, Coimbatore, and Puducherry 

Telangana: Hyderabad 

Uttar Pradesh: Lucknow, Varanasi, Ghaziabad, Agra, and Prayagraj 

Uttarakhand: Dehradun 

Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Sikkim, West Bengal: Kolkata 

Arunachal Pradesh/ Assam/ Manipur/ Meghalaya/ Mizoram/ Nagaland/ Tripura: Guwahati, Aizawl (Circuit), Agartala (Circuit), Kohima (Circuit)

The inclusion of circuit benches in certain states, as ordered by the President, reflects the government's commitment to addressing the needs of different regions based on the volume of appeals filed by suppliers.

The establishment of these state benches is a testament to the government's efforts to create a more taxpayer-friendly environment and ensure timely justice. This move will not only reduce the backlog of cases in High Courts but also provide specialized expertise in dealing with GST-related matters.

As businesses navigate the complexities of the GST framework, having a dedicated forum for dispute resolution will enhance transparency, foster confidence in the tax system, and ultimately contribute to the ease of doing business in India.


The notification of the GST Appellate Tribunal's state benches is a significant milestone in the country's journey towards a more efficient and taxpayer-friendly tax regime. This move reflects the government's commitment to facilitating ease of doing business and ensuring that justice is both accessible and swift for all taxpayers.


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