July 22, 2023

GST on Services Exported but Consideration Not Received: Understanding the Implications

Goods and Services Tax (GST) is an indirect tax levied on the supply of goods and services in India. When it comes to the export of services, there are instances where the consideration for the services rendered may not be received by the exporter. This situation raises questions about the applicability of GST on such transactions. In this article, we will delve into the concept of GST on services exported but consideration not received, exploring the implications and providing clarity on this matter.

Understanding Export of Services

Before discussing the GST implications, it's important to understand the concept of export of services. According to the GST law, services are considered to be exported when all the following conditions are met:

1. The supplier of services is located in India.

2. The recipient of services is located outside India.

3. The place of supply of services is outside India.

4. The payment for the services is received in convertible foreign exchange.

When these conditions are fulfilled, the services provided are classified as export of services.

GST on Services Exported with Consideration Not Received

In certain scenarios, despite fulfilling the conditions for export of services, the consideration for the services rendered may not be received by the exporter. This could be due to various reasons such as financial difficulties faced by the recipient, disputes, or delays in payment.

The GST law recognizes this situation and provides provisions to address it. As per the GST regulations, an exporter of services can claim a refund of the GST paid on services exported but consideration not received within a specified period.

Refund Process for Consideration Not Received

To claim a refund for GST on services exported with consideration not received, the exporter needs to follow a specific process. Here are the key steps involved:

1. Application for Refund: The exporter must file an application for refund in the prescribed format, providing details of the export of services, the amount of GST paid, and the consideration not received.

2. Supporting Documents: The exporter needs to submit supporting documents along with the refund application. These documents typically include invoices, export invoices, proof of export, and any other relevant documents as per the GST regulations.

3. Time Limit: The refund application must be filed within the prescribed time limit, which is generally two years from the relevant date. It is important to adhere to the timeline to avoid any potential issues with the refund claim.

4. Verification and Processing: Once the refund application is submitted, the concerned authorities will verify the details and documents provided. If everything is found to be in order, the refund will be processed, and the amount will be credited to the exporter's bank account.

It is important to note that the refund claim is subject to scrutiny by the tax authorities. Any incorrect or incomplete information provided may result in delays or rejection of the refund claim.

Impact on Input Tax Credit (ITC)

When the consideration for exported services is not received, the exporter may face challenges related to Input Tax Credit (ITC). As per the GST law, ITC can be availed on inputs, input services, and capital goods used for the provision of taxable services. However, in the case of consideration not received, the exporter may be required to reverse the ITC claimed earlier.

The reversal of ITC can be done through the electronic credit ledger, and it is crucial to comply with the GST regulations regarding the reversal of ITC to avoid any penalties or legal implications.


The GST provisions regarding services exported but consideration not received acknowledge the challenges faced by exporters in certain situations. By allowing the refund of GST paid on such transactions, the government aims to provide relief to exporters and maintain a fair and balanced tax system. It is essential for exporters to understand the refund process and comply with the requirements specified under the GST law to ensure a smooth refund claim experience.

Please consult with a qualified tax professional or refer to the official GST regulations for specific advice and guidance related to your circumstances.


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