Aapki Beti Hamari Beti (ABHB) is a scheme launched by the Government of Andhra Pradesh to improve the gender ratio and promote the welfare of the girl child. The scheme was launched in 2014 with the aim of addressing the issue of the declining sex ratio in the state. The main objective of the scheme is to increase the birth and survival rate of the girl child and to improve the overall status of the girl child in the state.
The issue of the declining sex ratio in Andhra Pradesh is a serious concern. According to the 2011 Census, the sex ratio in the state was 993 females per 1000 males, which is below the national average of 940 females per 1000 males. The declining sex ratio is a reflection of the societal bias against the girl child, which is evident in the practice of female foeticide and infanticide. In order to address this issue, the government of Andhra Pradesh launched the ABHB scheme with the aim of improving the status of the girl child in the state.
The ABHB scheme has several components that aim to achieve its objectives.
One of the main components of the scheme is the provision of financial assistance for the education and marriage of girl children from economically and socially disadvantaged backgrounds. The government provides financial assistance of Rs. 15,000 for the education of girl children from class 6 to class 10. This assistance is provided to the family of the girl child at the time of her admission to class 6 and is continued till the completion of class 10. The scheme also provides financial assistance of Rs. 25,000 for the marriage of girl children from economically and socially disadvantaged backgrounds. This assistance is provided to the family of the girl child at the time of her marriage.
The scheme also includes various other components such as creating awareness about the importance of the girl child and the need to address the issue of the declining sex ratio. This is done through various awareness-raising activities such as street plays, rallies, and seminars.
The scheme also provides health check-ups and immunization to girl children and provides nutrition and health support to pregnant and lactating women.
In addition to these components, the ABHB scheme also includes various other initiatives such as the setting up of crèches, the formation of self-help groups, and the implementation of the "Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao" campaign. The crèches provide daycare facilities for young children, enabling their mothers to work and earn an income. The self-help groups provide a platform for women to come together and discuss their issues and work towards their empowerment. The "Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao" campaign is a nationwide campaign launched by the government to address the issue of the declining sex ratio and improve the status of the girl child.
The ABHB scheme is implemented through the Department of Women Development and Child Welfare and is implemented through Anganwadi centers and other government-run institutions. The scheme is implemented in partnership with various non-government organizations and community-based organizations, which play a key role in identifying eligible families and providing support to the beneficiaries.
Despite the various initiatives and components of the ABHB scheme, some challenges still need to be addressed. One of the main challenges is the lack of awareness about the scheme among the target population. Many families are not aware of the scheme and its benefits, and as a result, they do not take advantage of it. Another challenge is the lack of proper implementation of the scheme. There have been instances of corruption and mismanagement in the implementation of the scheme, which has resulted in the scheme not reaching its intended beneficiaries.
To overcome these challenges, it is important that the government ensures that the scheme is properly implemented and that the target population is made
A: The scheme is open to families living below the poverty line, as well as families that are socially and economically disadvantaged. The scheme specifically targets families with a girl child which need financial assistance for her education and welfare.
A: Interested families can apply for the scheme through the official website of the scheme or through the district welfare office in their area. The application process typically requires the submission of documents such as proof of residence, income, and the birth certificate of the girl child.
A: The financial assistance provided under the scheme can be used for a variety of purposes such as education, healthcare, and skill development of the girl child. The assistance is provided in the form of cash transfers or scholarships to the families.
A: Generally, the age limit is 18 years, but it may vary from state to state and could be different for different schemes. It is best to check the official website or contact the district welfare office for more information.
A: Yes, the scheme is targeted towards families living below the poverty line and those that are socially and economically disadvantaged. Income limits may vary from state to state and could be different for different schemes. It is best to check the official website or contact the district welfare office for more information.
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