August 19, 2023
Shaik Musrath

A Buyback process of Private/Unlisted Companies

In the world of corporate finance, one strategy that often garners attention is the buyback of shares. For private or unlisted companies, this can hold significant implications, impacting both the company's financial structure and the shareholders' interests. In this blog, we'll delve into the  buyback process, shedding light on its purpose, procedure, and potential benefits.

Understanding Buyback of Shares:

At its core, a buyback of shares involves a company repurchasing its own shares from its existing shareholders. This can serve various objectives, such as optimizing the company's capital structure, enhancing shareholder value, or deploying surplus funds.

Key Reasons for Buyback:

Capital Optimization: 

Companies often resort to buybacks to adjust their capital structure. By reducing the number of outstanding shares, a buyback can lead to an increase in earnings per share (EPS) and enhance the company's financial ratios.

Return of Surplus Funds: 

When a company accumulates excess cash reserves, a buyback can be an effective way to return value to shareholders. This can be particularly appealing when viable investment opportunities are limited.

Defending Against Hostile Takeovers: 

A buyback can make a company less vulnerable to hostile takeover attempts, as it reduces the available float of shares in the market.

The Buyback Procedure:

Board Resolution: 

The process begins with the board of directors passing a resolution approving the buyback. This resolution outlines the maximum number of shares to be repurchased, the buyback price, and the timeline for the buyback.

Shareholder Approval: 

In some cases, regulatory requirements necessitate shareholder approval through a special resolution. This is common for buybacks exceeding a certain threshold.

Offer to Shareholders: 

The company communicates the buyback offer to its shareholders, specifying the number of shares they can tender and the buyback price. Shareholders have the option to accept or reject the offer.

Tendering Period: 

During the tendering period, shareholders interested in participating in the buyback submit their tendered shares to the company.

Verification and Acceptance: 

The company verifies the validity of the tendered shares and accepts them for buyback.


Upon acceptance, the company pays the shareholders the buyback price for the tendered shares.

Extinguishment of Shares: 

The repurchased shares are either extinguished or held as treasury shares, depending on regulatory provisions and the company's intent.


Benefits for the Company:

Improved financial ratios and metrics due to reduced outstanding shares.

Flexibility in managing surplus cash reserves.

Potential increase in share price due to enhanced EPS.

Benefits for Shareholders:

Opportunity to exit their investment and receive a premium over the market price.

Potential for an increase in their ownership percentage in the company.


Regulatory Compliance: 

Private companies must adhere to the Companies Act and SEBI guidelines when conducting a buyback.

Tax Implications: 

Both the company and shareholders must consider tax implications, including capital gains tax.


The company needs to have sufficient funds to finance the buyback.


In conclusion, the buyback of shares is a strategic financial move that can reshape a private or unlisted company's dynamics. By understanding the purpose, procedure, benefits, and considerations associated with a buyback, companies can make informed decisions that align with their growth and financial objectives. As always, seeking expert advice and meticulous planning are paramount for a successful and compliant buyback journey.


GST Rate HSN Code for Miscellaneous Edible Preparations - Chapter 21

How to Choose the Best GST Billing Software for Your Business

Organo-Sulphur Compounds - GST Rates HSN Code 2930