Goods and Services Tax (GST) is a comprehensive tax structure that was implemented in India on 1st July 2017. Under GST, several taxes, including Value Added Tax (VAT), Service Tax and Excise Duty, were merged into a single tax system. One of the key aspects of GST is the Maximum Retail Price (MRP).
MRP stands for Maximum Retail Price. It is the maximum price that can be charged by a seller to a consumer for a product. MRP includes all taxes, expenses, and margins that a seller adds to the cost of a product.
The MRP is printed on the product, and it is mandatory for sellers to sell the product at or below the MRP. Sellers cannot charge more than the MRP for the product. MRP is a consumer protection measure that ensures that consumers are not overcharged for products.
Under GST, the implementation of MRP is similar to the implementation under earlier tax systems. The only difference is that the taxes included in the MRP are different under GST. Earlier, the MRP included VAT, Excise Duty, and other taxes. Under GST, the MRP includes GST.
The MRP is calculated by adding the cost of the product, taxes, and margins. The cost of the product includes the purchase price of the product, transportation costs, and any other costs associated with the procurement of the product. The taxes included in the MRP are GST, and the margins are the profit margins for the seller.
The GST included in the MRP is the GST applicable to the product. The GST rates are different for different products. Some products have a GST rate of 5%, while others have a GST rate of 12%, 18% or 28%. The GST rates are determined by the GST Council, which is a body comprising of the Finance Ministers of all the states and the Union Finance Minister.
For example, if the cost of a product is Rs. 100, and the GST rate applicable to the product is 18%, the MRP of the product will be:
MRP = Cost of Product + (Cost of Product x GST Rate) + Margin
MRP = Rs. 100 + (Rs. 100 x 18%) + Margin
If the seller wants to make a profit of Rs. 10 on the product, the MRP will be:
MRP = Rs. 100 + (Rs. 100 x 18%) + Rs. 10
MRP = Rs. 128
MRP under GST has several benefits:
Maximum Retail Price (MRP) is an important aspect of GST. It ensures that consumers are not overcharged for products and simplifies the tax structure. Under GST, the MRP includes only GST, which makes the tax structure simpler. Small and medium business owners and startup founders in India should understand the implementation of MRP under GST to ensure compliance with the tax regulations.
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