February 25, 2023

Impact of GST on Textile Industry: Key Changes and Challenges

GST, or the Goods and Services Tax, was implemented in India on July 1, 2017. The textile industry is one of the most critical sectors in the Indian economy, employing millions of people and contributing significantly to the country's GDP. In this article, we'll explore the impact of GST on the textile industry in India.

Overview of the Textile Industry in India

The textile industry in India is one of the oldest industries and has been an essential contributor to the country's economy for a long time. The sector accounts for around 5% of India's GDP, 14% of industrial production, and 13% of the country's total export earnings. The industry also plays a crucial role in providing employment opportunities to millions of people, particularly in rural areas.

Impact of GST on the Textile Industry

GST has significantly impacted the textile industry in India. Here are the key changes brought about by GST:

Increased Compliance

GST has made it mandatory for all textile manufacturers, traders, and exporters to register themselves online, thereby increasing compliance. The GST regime has ensured that all transactions in the textile industry are recorded in a standard format, making it easier for the government to track them.

Removal of Cascading Tax Effect

GST has eliminated the cascading tax effect, which was prevalent under the old tax regime. Under GST, textile manufacturers can claim input credit for all the taxes paid on raw materials, making it more cost-effective.

Changes in Tax Rates

Under the GST regime, the tax rates on textiles have been fixed at 5% for fabrics and 12% for readymade garments. The government has also imposed an 18% tax on synthetic fibers and cotton yarn.

Challenges Faced by the Textile Industry

Despite the positive impact of GST on the textile industry, there are still some challenges that the sector is facing. Here are a few of them:

High Tax Rates on Job Work

Under GST, the tax rate on job work in the textile industry has been fixed at 18%, which is quite high. This has led to a decrease in the demand for job work, particularly from small textile manufacturers.

Complexity in Filing Returns

GST has made the process of filing returns more complex, which has been a significant challenge for small textile manufacturers who lack the necessary resources to comply with the GST rules and regulations.

High Working Capital Requirements

Under the GST regime, textile manufacturers have to pay taxes on raw materials and finished goods, leading to higher working capital requirements. This has put a strain on the finances of small textile manufacturers.


GST has had a significant impact on the textile industry in India. While it has brought about various positive changes like increased compliance and elimination of the cascading tax effect, it has also posed challenges like high tax rates, complexity in filing returns, and higher working capital requirements. The government needs to address these challenges to ensure the growth and development of the textile industry in India.


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