December 29, 2022
Mohith Reddy

How To Start Your Own Plant Nursery Business in India?

Even a tree or a small plant can contribute more to your surroundings. And if that plant blooms flowers, it brings a smile to your face. Although people moved to the cities, the human connection with nature is getting stronger every day. Especially after the pandemic, everybody hopes to own a space of greenery with flowers and vegetable plants. How would you feel after spending an hour among plants or in a park away from pollution if you lived in cities? Imagine all the things you experience - the peace of mind, fresh air to breathe in, the loneliness you have longed for years, and a time to deal with your issues. Now, you only get these things when you travel for miles, and people used to say this a couple of years ago. But currently, people expect a mini park right in their homes and are comfortable spending thousands of bucks on home gardening, which has opened a path for another business venture, a plant nursery business. 

So, this is the right time to move off your business thoughts and start an actual online plant nursery business with Swipe which provides a seamless money management system. But how do you get started with the plant nursery business? Here is everything you need to know.

What is a plant nursery?

A plant nursery is where saplings are taken care of and grown to maturity. Plants sold in the plant nursery are widely used for gardening, foresting, and other conservation purposes rather than in agriculture. Various nurseries sell to different sectors. 

A step-by-step guide to starting your plant nursery business in India

Like most other businesses, establishing your plant nursery business is not as easy as it feels and sounds. It is a long process that requires you to upgrade from day 1. Every activity requires your supervision, from seed collection to growing them into a well-nurtured sapling. Here are the simple steps to establish your online plant nursery business.

Grow Plants

Step - 1:

The first and foremost step is to collect the seedlings. Ensure that the seeds you are gathering are extracted from the ripened fruit because the seedlings taken from the ripened fruit tend to be productive in their growth, while the not matured seeds may or may not even sprout.

Step - 2:

Once you have collected the matured seeds, sow seeds in germination trays or seedbeds for sprouting. You have to take the proper care with all the amenities - neither chill nor hot environment, spray water twice a day (depending on the weather), check for weeds, and more.

Step - 3:

Once the sowed seeds become saplings, transfer them into a larger container, and the transplanting should happen at the right time. Most nurseries use polybag pots as it is simple and easy to carry for a customer. 

Step - 4:

As saplings become plants with significant growth, you should keep track of everything - water quantity for a particular plant, nutrients it needs in the soil, and the best seasons to grow that plant.

Step - 5:

Introduce your saplings to pesticides and fertilizers that kill bugs, mosquitoes, and others that disturb the plant's growth cycle. 

Step - 6:

Once the extractions are over, try to maintain the tree which helped you with seeds. It can come in handy for seasonal propagation.

Follow the same procedure to help you generate more plants for a profitable plant nursery business.

Scale Your Business

One of the major problems most buyers encounter is buying a plant and its necessaries in two various shops. With this, your business does not just have to be about selling plants. You can introduce other required essentials to plant a plant, like pots, soil, fertilizers, and many others. As you profit, upgrade your existing shop to other collections that people need the most, like flower vases. 

Anybody can start

Starting a plant nursery business is not difficult, but having prior business and plant care knowledge will be the most helpful to start and scale your business even faster than expected. So, graduating with a BSc or MSc in agriculture can be beneficial. 

Types of Nurseries

Different plant nurseries focus on a set of plants, and these nurseries get their name classified based on the kind of plants they sell. Usually, there are five types of plant nurseries.

Vegetable Nursery

As the name suggests, the vegetable nursery is only meant for growing multiple vegetables. You can plant any vegetable seed, but peas, brinjal, chili, okra, french beans, onion, and others are grown widely. Before establishing an online vegetable plant nursery business, you must understand your local's behavior toward vegetables. 

Fruit Nursery

Fruit nurseries concentrate on growing fruit saplings. Mango, guava, pomegranate, dragon fruit, lemon, mulberry, and other most consumed fruit saplings people buy from here. Again, you have to analyze local behavior toward consuming fruits. 

Flower Nursery

Flower nurseries sell flower plants, like roses, Sаlviаs, роrtulаса, Wedeliа, Teсоmа, and others. Sometimes, flower nurseries are also known as ornamental nurseries.

Medical and Aromatic Nursery

As Ayurveda is getting popularized in the medical field, medical plants like aloe vera, lemоngrаss, sаgаrgоtа, Byrорhyllum, сurry leаves, vаsаkа, and others have grown significantly. So, establishing a business around this niche can see potential growth.

Forest Nursery

These nurseries sell plants that grow from smaller plants to tall wild trees. Oak, teak, pine, eucalyptus, and other wild saplings are popular among nature enthusiasts. 

Requirements you need to start your plant nursery business:


The primary thing you need when establishing a nursery is a piece of land that can hold more saplings and other planting requirements, like seedbeds, water tanks, and more. While most people believe that nurseries only grow on nutritious land, it is not the case. Unless you provide and follow the seeling procedure, nothing ever happens to the plants' growth. 

However, the area you choose to establish your plant nursery business affects your growth in the future. So, choose your business area in a crowdy place where people are more toward greenery. 

Fertile Soil

Your business does not have to be on fertile land, but soil fertility is essential for successful seed germination and growth from a sprout to the sapling. So, ensure that your nursery has a stock of red and black soil, peat moss, sawdust, compost, sand, sрhаgnum mоss,vermiсulite, and fаrmyаrd mаnure. And the soil Ph value for seed germination should be 5.5 to 6, which is economical.

Chemicals and Fertilizers

Saving your just-budded plants is crucial. And to attain your goal, you should use fertilizers, chemicals, pesticides, fungicides, insecticides, herbicides, and more to shoo away the pests that can affect the plant's health. Usually, these chemicals get sold in spray bottles which only require you to spray over the plants. And over spraying can also affect plants. Assure to go through the guidelines given by the chemist. You can also use organic manure or compost in the soil as growth accelerators. 

Nursery Tools

Nursery tools are crucial as they save time, helping you be more productive at work. Most widely plant nursery business tools, like wаtering саns, sсissоrs, grаfting tарe, sраdes, сrоwbаr, digging fоrks, grаfting knives, germinаtiоn trаys, рushсаrts, little stоrаge units can benefit you. Do not prefer quantity over quality as they could lead to stem or root damage of a plant. 

Machinery and Equipment

Although you may think that machines do not relate to the nursery, the truth is that appliances cut costs by reducing the workforce and helping you with plant transportation, container filling, watering, and more.


Not every task a machine can perform. You need employees to help you with all the crucial work, like planting, weeding, and spraying pesticides, and as your business hikes, you will need more people to help you with other essential tasks like marketing. 

You can buy all the essential nursery things online from different stores. 

Costs involved in establishing a plant nursery business

1. Land development - 60,000 INR

2. Preliminary Works - 50,000 INR

3. Poly house construction - 7,50,000 INR

4. Water supply arrangements - 65,000 INR

5. Irrigation and fertigation system - 65,000 INR

6. Fencing - 50,000 INR

7. Storeroom construction - 40,000 INR

8. Creeper and trailing rope - 50,000 INR

Other plant essentials:

1. Fertilizers - 20,000 INR

2. Micronutrients - 20,000 INR

3. Plant protection chemical - 5000 INR

4. Packing plants - 5000 INR

5. Transportation - 10,000 INR

6. Labor charge - 30,000 INR

7. Other expenses - 10,000 INR

To set up a plant nursery business in India, you need 1,200,000 INR. However, the prices vary from locality to locality. The costs described are at an average level.


The gardening sector has seen significant growth over the last two years, which has paved a path for plant nursery businesses. However, even the plant nursery business is saturated due to the high competition, and one can only stand out when focused on their customers rather than focusing on profit. 

One of the crucial aspects of any business is managing finances. Swipe helps you with what you want. They enable you with software that manages your accounts which is user-friendly, and it is available as an application on both mobiles and computers. 

Some of their best features are:

1. Manage single and multiple stores with one software

2. Access the data on any device from anywhere

3. Perform both GST and non-GST transactions

4. Generate invoices in 10 seconds

5. A dedicated business dashboard to analyze the business, and many more. 


Read More: Types of GST, UTGST, IGST

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