Goods Transport by Road or GTA is a popular mode of transportation for businesses in India. It refers to the transportation of goods by a person who is not a registered casual taxable person and who does not issue a consignment note. Under the GST regime, the implications of GTA on businesses have changed significantly. In this article, we will explore the impact of GST on Goods Transport by Road in detail.
GST defines Goods Transport by Road (GTA) as the transportation of goods by a goods carriage operator who is not merely an agent of the supplier or recipient of the goods. The operator is responsible for the delivery of the goods to the recipient and issues a consignment note for the same. The consignment note contains details such as the name of the consignor and consignee, registration number of the goods carriage, details of the goods being transported, and the place of origin and destination.
Under the GST regime, the implications of GTA on businesses have changed significantly. Here are some of the key implications:
If a person is solely engaged in the business of providing Goods Transport by Road services, they are required to obtain GST registration if their annual turnover exceeds Rs. 20 lakhs. However, if the person is also engaged in other taxable supplies, the threshold limit for GST registration is Rs. 40 lakhs. Once registered, the person is required to charge GST on the transportation services provided.
Businesses that avail Goods Transport by Road services can claim Input Tax Credit (ITC) on the GST charged by the GTA operator. However, to claim ITC, the recipient must ensure that the GTA operator has issued a valid consignment note. In case the recipient does not receive a consignment note, ITC cannot be claimed.
Under the Reverse Charge Mechanism (RCM), the recipient of Goods Transport by Road services is required to pay the GST on behalf of the GTA operator. RCM applies in the following scenarios:
Under GST, certain types of GTA services are exempt from GST. These include:
The GST rate on Goods Transport by Road services is 5% if the GTA operator does not opt for the Composition Scheme. If the GTA operator chooses to pay tax under the Composition Scheme, the GST rate is 1.5%.
Goods Transport by Road (GTA) is an important mode of transportation for businesses in India. Under the GST regime, the implications of GTA on businesses have changed significantly. Businesses that avail Goods Transport by Road services must be aware of the GST implications to ensure compliance with the law. We hope this article has provided you with a comprehensive understanding of the GST implications on Goods Transport by Road.
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