Published on:
February 23, 2023

Fake Invoices and Fraudulent Input Tax Credit under GST

The Goods and Services Tax (GST) regime has brought about significant changes in the Indian tax system. It has been hailed as a landmark reform in the country's indirect tax system. GST has brought about a unified, simplified tax structure with the aim of reducing tax evasion and corruption. However, like any other tax system, GST is not immune to fraudulent activities. One of the most common types of GST fraud is the creation of fake invoices and fraudulent input tax credit (ITC) claims. In this article, we will discuss the types of fake invoices and fraudulent ITC claims and their impact on businesses.

What are fake invoices?

A fake invoice is a document that does not represent any actual sale or purchase of goods or services. It is created solely for the purpose of claiming input tax credit. The creation of fake invoices is a common practice in the black market. In such cases, the supplier and the recipient are usually the same person or entity. The supplier creates a fake invoice with inflated or fictitious amounts, and the recipient uses it to claim input tax credit. The GST system provides for input tax credit for the tax paid on inputs used for the production of goods or services.

How are fake invoices created?

Fake invoices are usually created by unscrupulous suppliers who collude with their customers. These suppliers issue invoices for non-existent goods or services or for goods or services that have not been supplied. The invoices may also reflect inflated prices or quantities. The customers use these invoices to claim input tax credit, which they are not entitled to claim. The suppliers and customers usually share the proceeds of the fraud. Fake invoices can also be created using the details of genuine taxpayers. The fraudsters use the details of genuine taxpayers to create fake invoices and claim input tax credit.

What is fraudulent input tax credit?

Input tax credit is the tax paid on inputs used for the production of goods or services. A taxpayer can claim input tax credit for the tax paid on inputs used in the course of business. However, fraudulent input tax credit is the claim of input tax credit for tax that has not been paid or for tax paid on non-existent transactions. Fraudulent input tax credit is usually claimed by using fake invoices or by inflating the value of genuine invoices.

How does fraudulent input tax credit impact businesses?

Fraudulent input tax credit has a negative impact on honest businesses. It gives an unfair advantage to businesses that engage in fraudulent activities. Such businesses are able to claim input tax credit that they are not entitled to claim. This leads to a distortion of the market and unfair competition. Honest businesses are unable to compete with fraudulent businesses that have a lower cost base due to the input tax credit that they have fraudulently claimed. The government also loses revenue due to the fraudulent claims of input tax credit.

How can businesses prevent fake invoices and fraudulent ITC claims?

Businesses can prevent fake invoices and fraudulent ITC claims by implementing effective internal controls. They should verify the authenticity of the invoices that they receive and ensure that they are genuine invoices for actual transactions. They should also verify the GST registration details of their suppliers and customers. Businesses should maintain proper documentation and keep a record of all transactions. They should also conduct regular internal audits and implement a whistle-blower policy. Employees should be trained to identify and report any suspicious transactions.


Fake invoices and fraudulent ITC claims are a common form of GST fraud. They have a negative impact on honest businesses and the government revenue. Businesses should implement effective internal controls to prevent such fraud. The government should also take strict action against those who engage in such fraudulent activities.


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